In 1922 archaeologists made an exciting discovery. The remains of an
ancient city from a previously unknown civilization. They Named this
city Harappa. Shortly thereafter, and with help from local guides
they found another city from the same civilization. They called this
one Mohenjo-Daro. Since that time Archeologists have found over 1400
cities from this same civilization. We now call this the Indus
valley civilization since the cities have mostly been found in the Indus
valley. The Indus river is one of the worlds longest and winds from
the mountains in northern India through India and Pakistan until it
reaches the ocean.
Even with all the discoveries we still know
very little about the people who lived there. We do know that the
civilization lasted about 1000 years from about 2500 BCE until about 1500
BCE. We know that they built large cities with straight streets and
brick houses. We have found artifacts that suggest many other
activities as well.